In 1791, the Frenchman Siflaq invented the most primitive bicycle. It has only two wheels and no transmission, and a person riding on it needs to use two pedals to drive the car forward.
In 1801, the Russian Artamanov designed the world's first pedal-powered bicycle. In 1817, the German Dres installed a rudder on the bicycle, so that it could change the direction of travel.
In 1839, the Scotsman Macmillan made a wooden wheel with solid rubber tires, a small front wheel, a large rear wheel, a low seat cushion, a pedal and a crank connecting rod device, and the rider could leave the ground with his feet. bike. In the same year, Macmillan changed the wooden bicycle to the iron bicycle. In 1867, the Englishman Madison designed the first bicycle with steel spokes. In 1869, a bicycle guided and driven by the rear wheel appeared in Stuttgart, Germany. At the same time, the bicycle used rolling bearings, flywheels, foot brakes, springs and other components. In 1886, the British James changed the front and rear wheels of the bicycle to the same size, and added a chain, making his model basically the same as a modern bicycle. In 1887, the German Mannes Company first used seamless steel pipes for bicycle production.
In 1888, the British Dunlop used rubber to make inner tubes and leather to make outer tires, which were used as pneumatic tires for bicycles. Up to now, people have invented electric bicycles, replacing human power with electricity, making cycling more labor-saving and trouble-free. With the birth of bicycles, cycling has also emerged.
The world's first bicycle race was held in France in 1868 with a course of 2 kilometers. The first World Amateur Cycling Championship was founded in 1893, the first World Professional Cycling Championship was founded in 1895, and the bicycle race was listed as an important event in the Olympic Games in 1896. Up to now, there have been hundreds of various bicycle races, among which the Tour de France with a distance of 3,900 kilometers is the most famous.